Simply put, all the serial items in this department are periodicals, meaning that they are published serially, or periodically, usually on a predictable timetable. A magazine is one of those glossy things you see on newstands everywhere. They are characterized by lots of high color, very brief articles, and stories that usually do not list an author at their end or beginning. Also, if you open any Time or Newsweek for example, you will not see submission guidelines for articles. That is because these magazines have a writing staff. Now, if you pick up a journal, you will notice a few things: (1) They are typically not glossy or colorful. They exist for information, not entertainment. (2) They clearly list an editorial staff, and they have clear guidelines for submissions. These guidelines typically will state that three copies or more of an article be submitted. This is why they are often called peer reviewed. (3) The articles tend to be technical, or scholarly. Hence, they are often called scholarly journals. (4) The articles will list an author at the beginning or end, and will give that person’s degree and sometimes even university or professional affiliation. (5) Journals are usually published by universities or professional organizations.